Species of Fauna in Cartagena

And its area of influence

Iguana

It lives in areas of dense vegetation and at altitude where the average annual temperature is between 27ºC and 28ºC and humidity is near 70%. Iguanas spend most of their time in trees. Their strong claws and long tail enable them to negotiate trunks and branches. As cold-blooded reptiles, they scale the trees at the first rays of light in order to achieve their optimal temperature, after which they seek food—leaves, fresh buds, and a fruit here and there.

Hawksbill sea turtle

Eretmochelys imbricate is a sea turtle specie that belongs to the Cheloniidae family. It has a flat body, a protective shell, and its limbs are flipper-like, adapted for swimming in the open ocean. It is easily distinguished from other sea turtles by its sharp, curving beak with a prominent tomium and the saw-like appearance of its shell margins.

Great green macaw

Seventy to eighty centimeters in length, the bodies of these birds are olive green with a reddish forehead and tail. Its wings are green, with yellow highlights on the upper feathers and blue and red on the lower ones. The tail also bears a brilliant yellow. These macaws have robust beaks that they use to open the seeds and fruits that are the basis of their nutrition. A fleshy tongue assists as well. The great green macaw is endangered due to the degradation of its habitats.

Blue-winged teal

Measuring 38 centimeters and weighing 400 grams, this duck has large blue stains above its wings, which along with its small beak and its size help to identify it. The male adult has a head that is gray and dark blue with a white crescent on its face. They typically form bands. When a band is startled, they erupt into flight quickly and erratically in a tight formation. It is the most abundant migratory duck in the world.

Cotton-top tamarin

Saguinus oedipus, also known as the cotton-top tamarin, is a species of Platyrrhini primate from the subfamily Callitrichidae that is diurnal and territorial, living on the edges of forests or in jungles. Its whitish crest extends from its forehead to the nape of its neck. Cotton-top tamarins typically weigh less than a pound. They eat fruits, nectar, fresh leaves, buds, insects, and lizards. They live in familial groups of two to nine individuals, which may join other groups of up to twenty monkeys.

Sloth

A solitary and arboreal animal, sloths are both diurnal and nocturnal. Female sloths always go in groups, whereas the male is solitary. They spend most of their time in treetops where they can avoid predators and obtain food and water. Their slow movement makes it difficult to find them in the forest. It can take them thirty seconds to move a limb; moving a meter can take four minutes. They are nearsighted. Their hearing is mediocre and their sense of smell is barely sufficient to distinguish between the plants they feed from.

Rose snapper

The Lutjanus guttatus has rows of dorsal scales that rise obliquely above the lateral line and a rhomboidal patch of vomerine teeth. Adults develop a furrow from the eyes to the nasal openings. The fish and its fins are primarily red or pinkish, with a silvery luster. They usually live in open waters up to a depth of ninety meters. Their maximum length is ninety centimeters, although fifty centimeters is more common.

Barracuda

The Sphyraena are a genus of carnivorous deep-water fish. Commonly known as barracudas, they are the only genus in the Sphyraenidae family and are known for attacking their prey swiftly. They abound in tropical seas, especially around small islands and coral reefs but are most common in the Caribbean and the Atlantic. The great barracuda achieves high speeds over short distances—with one beat of its powerful tail it can accelerate from zero to ninety kilometers per hour.